Decolonization

The Bataille d’Algiers

The process began a long time ago and is ongoing, hardly complete. Click on the links below to read more about the various places we discussed in the classroom. Note: they overlap and these histories are hotly contested and rightly so. Nevertheless, patterns emerge.

From the Frantz Fanon reading, answer the following questions:

  • Why does Fanon say that all decolonization must be violent and how does he illustrate what he means by violence in the excerpt we read?
  • What does Fanon mean when he says that the settler “knows” the natives well?
  • He goes further, saying that he settler created the native. What does he mean by this?
  • What links do you see between Fanon and other material we’ve seen so far–Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Nina Simone, the Battle of Algers?
  • How is the colonial world divided, according to Fanon? How does that description describe Montreal, Quebec, Canada?
  • What makes policing in colonial society easier, according to Fanon? How does this relate to the concept of hegemony?
  • Fanon uses the language of species to talk about the difference between the settler and the colonized. Why do you think he does that? what purpose does this have?
  • “In the colonies the economic substructure is also a superstructure. The cause is the consequence; you are rich because you are white, you are white because you are rich.” Think through these very complex sentences, especially the last phrase: what does it mean?
  • Fanon compares DDT and the Christian religion at the end of a long passage discussing values…what does this comparison mean for Fanon?
  • Towards the end of the reading, Fanon discusses those that will take over once the colonizer has left. He calls this class of people the national middle-class. What problems does he cite with regards to this class of people, especially in light of the idea that they are meant to lead the nation….(Hint, he talks about them having the psychology of the business man, not of the captain of industry. What difference is he highlighting?)

Here is a compilation timeline about decolonization.

For this jigsaw presentation, you’re going to be asked to create an interactive timeline using a google docs spreadsheet that you’ll eventually upload to this website. This will count towards your booklet marks for the final submission of the booklet.

To get started:

If you’re in the Monday Wednesday class, click here.

If you’re in the Tuesday Thursday class, click here.