Western Civilization Final Exam

Material for Review

You are responsible for reading all of the sections of the textbook that are listed in your course syllabus. Exam questions may deal with anything coming from the readings listed following the Midterm exam.

Here is the timeline for Encounter and the Reformation

Absolutism Powerpoint

Here is a timeline for the Scientific Revolution

The French Revolution Timeline is here:

The Haitian Revolution was caused, in part, by the French Revolution.

19th century Timeline

Essay Question

You may choose from one of the following:

a/ Write an essay that explains how the Reformation led to either the Scientific Revolution or the Enlightenment by connecting some example of thought from two of the periods. Reference at least three sources, one of which might be the textbook. Sources I would recommend include: Martin Luther, Copernicus, and Locke, though there are many viable options.

b/ Write an essay that connects Hobbes’ thinking on Absolutism to the conservative backlash following the French Revolution. Reference at least three sources. Sources I would recommend: Hobbes, Metternich.

Regardless of which essay you chose, you must use three sources (either three primary or two primary and one secondary). Please note that you are not permitted to use outside sources. All quotes must come from either the sources book, the textbook, or a reading from this website. Not having any quotes will significantly lower your mark, as will using outside sources. 

Index Card Policy:

As before, you will be permitted to bring in a one-sided index card with quotations into the exam. You may not write notes to provide context for these exams and the only way you may remind yourself of the author of these quotations is by using MLA in-text citation style.  A permitted card will look like:

“Race is a fiction we must never accept,”(Jenson 14).

“Race is a fact we must never forget,” (Jenson 14).

“I sat there in terror,” (Coates 76). 

“Fire and crime were serious problems in the city, even after Augustus created urban fire and police forces. Streets were narrow, drainage was inadequate, and sanitation was poor,” (McKay 160).

Key Terms/ Short Answer Questions

These will be multiple choice / fill in the blank questions that should be easy enough to answer if you did the readings/attended the class. Key terms that the questions will cover include:

  • Encounter
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Slavery
  • The Reformation – Martin Luther – indulgences
  • Absolutism – Hobbes
  • The Scientific Revolution – Copernicus, Kepler, Newton
  • The Enlightenment – Locke, Smith, Voltaire, Kant, Rousseau
  • French Revolution
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man (Declaration of the Rights of Woman)
  • The Reign of Terror – Robespierre – Committee of Public Safety
  • Napoleon
  • Liberalism – Smith, Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, John Locke
  • Socialism – Robert Owen, Karl Marx
  • Romanticism
  • Conservatism – Metternich
  • Darwinism/Social Darwinism – Darwin and Spencer
  • Imperialism – Berlin Conference
  • Nationalism – Unification (Germany, Italy)
  • Industrialization – Why England?
  • Modernization
  • Class-consciousness