My thesis for this lecture is the following:
Industrialization in the nineteenth century led to an increasingly disciplined society, and evidence of this discipline can be found in three buildings that were new to the landscape in that period: the factory, the prison and the school.
The prison exemplified a desire to discipline nineteenth century most perfectly in Jeremy Bentham’s conception of the Panopticon prison.
From a central position in the prison, a guard could watch over every single movement of every inmate. Further to that, all of the inmates could watch over each other, thus making them participants in this culture of discipline.
Finally, schools exemplified this change.
Workers housing often accompanied newly built factories. Such housing was typically unsanitary and crowded: a perfect environment to foment revolutionary thinking.
Nineteenth Century schools epitomized late century trends that valued discipline and nationalistic thinking. Notice how, in this image of students in a french elementary school, there is a marked class division. Boys with collar are upper class children, boys without are from the lower classes.
Histories often remark upon the timing of mass schooling. In England, boys education became compulsory just ten years after the institution of male suffrage for lower class working men (1866). Why might the expansion of the franchise coincide with the rise of mass schooling?
Blog Assignment (Due Wed, Dec. 8, 2010)
Find a single quotation from the textbook that addresses either the social, economic, artistic, religious, and political history of one of the following buildings:
19th Century: The School, The Factory, The Prison.
Submit it below in a comment.
How it should look:
Title: The School, Political
“Quote from Big textbook” (McKay et al 555).