Topic # 4


In the 19th Century, capitalism really took off. Write an essay that discusses the rise of socialism or communism in Europe as a result. Explain why communism or socialism appealed to Europeans at this time. General instructions for the essay can be found on the first page. You are required to use at least three of the following primary sources, plus the text book.


  1. Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, A Communist Manifesto, 1848 (340-348)
  2. David Ricardo, Arguing Agasint Higher Wages for Workers. (Sources 332-336)
  3. Jack London, People of the Abyss, 1902 (Sources 357-360)
  4. Robert Owen, A New View of Society (1813) (Sources 326 – 330)